Charlotte Perriand Perriand's designs are often associated with furniture designed in collaboration with Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret in the 1920s, but her contribution to design was significantly more profound. She studied interior design at the École de l'Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in the early 1920s and was influenced by the prevalent Art Deco aesthetic espoused by her teachers Maurice Dufrène and Paul Follot. However, her introduction to Le Corbusier's writings dramatically changed her design perspectives, resulting in her design of a rooftop bar shown at the Salon d'Automne of 1927. The controversy that this engendered drew her to Le Corbusier's attention and she worked with him on furniture designs and fittings. Her practical knowledge of design and materials such as tubular steel helped to bring Le Corbusier's ideas to fruition in designs such as the Grand Confort armchair and the B306 chaise longue. After setting out on her own in 1937 she was invited in 1940 by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in Japan to advise on industrial arts and design. In 1941 she organized an important exhibition in Tokyo, Tradition, Selection and Creation, in which she showed work inspired by the Japanese arts and crafts. However, soon after the outbreak of war, she went to Indo-China, where she remained until 1946. After the war she again worked with Le Corbusier, designing a prototype kitchen for his Unités d'Habitations. She was also associated with Formes Utiles, a body concerned with raising standards of design in mass-produced domestic products.