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Edwin Lutyens

United Kingdom 1869 - 1944 Wishlist

Sir Edwin Lutyens (knighted in 1918) has been referred as " the greatest British architect". His most important work is the layout and planning of New Delhi, India. In collaboration with Herbert Baker, he was main architect of several monuments in New delhi such as India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan. Here Lutyens invented his own new Order of classical architecture, which has become known as the "Delhi Order" 1912-1913 he built the Viceroy´s residence is also considered to be one of his most important buildings. In Ireland he designed Howth and Lambay Castles in County Dublin. After the first world war he designed war memorials in England, France and Ireland. 1885- 1887, Lutyens studied architecture at South Kensington School of Art, London. After college he joined the Ernest George and Harold Ainsworth Peto architectural pratice. There he first met Sir Herbert Baker. In 1888, he started his own practice and began building country houses. His designed followed the Arts and Crafts style, but they became later in his life more classical. He was in 1921 elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy and in 1924 he was appointed member of the newly created Royal Fine Art Commission. In 1924 he completed the supervision of the construction of what is perhaps his most popular design: Queen Mary's Dolls' House. This four storey Palladian villa was built in 1/12th scale and is now a permanent exhibit in the public area of Windsor Castle.

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