United States 1889 - 1969 Wishlist
Dorothy Draper was the first to "professionalize" the interior design industry by establishing, in 1923, the first interior design company in the United States. As an artist she was a modern, one of the first decorators of the breed, and a pioneer. She invented "Modern Baroque", a style that had particular application to large public spaces and modern architecture. She used vibrant colors in never-before-seen combinations, such as aubergine and pink with a "splash" of chartreuse and a touch of turquoise blue, or, one of her favorite combinations - "dull" white and "shiny" black. Her signature "cabbage rose" chintz, paired with bold stripes; her elaborate and ornate plaster designs and moldings - over doors, on walls and ceilings; her black and white checkered floors (The Quitandinah Palace & Casino Resort, Petropolis, Brazil); her massive, paneled, lacquered doors (Arrowhead Springs Hotel, California), some framed with bolection (Hampshire House, New York) or with elaborate plaster or intricate mirror frames (Camellia House, Drake Hotel, Chicago), all contributed to dramatic design often referred to as "the Draper touch". She also designed theaters, department stores, commercial establishments, private corporate offices, the interiors of jet planes (Convair & TWA) , automobiles (she did a line for Packard and Chrysler in the 1950´s, including a pink polka dot truck!, even packaging for the cosmetics firm of Dorothy Gray on top of her residential designs for the houses and apartments of prominent and very wealthy society figures. She also designed her very own exclusive fabrics for her clients such as her Romance & Rhododendrons and Fudge Apron which she used at the Greenbrier. Much of her work survives to this day, in the lobbies of apartment buildings, hotels (The Carlyle in New York and Hampshire House until recently), the legendary Greenbrier in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, specifically in The Victorian Writing Room once called the most photographed room in the United States.